SMART Wildfire Fighting
Intaero is proud to present SMART (Situation Management & Awareness in Real Time), the result of many years of development and adaptation of our military command and control software to meet the requirements for fighting forest fires. SMART is the core of the Intaero integrated system for the earlier, more effective and safer engagement of wildfires.
Climate change is a pressing issue of our time. There is much evidence to show that climate change is resulting in increasing wildfire activity throughout the world.
The software Intaero has developed, SMART, represents the culmination of over 20 years in developing mission critical Command & Control software for the military, designed to operate in a rugged, peer to peer, off the grid, environments. We did not invent Command & Control, but we believe we are the first company to apply this technology to support fire fighters engaged in Forest Fire Fighting.
The objective for SMART is to enable firefighters to the fires quicker better informed and therefore fight them day and night, recognising that early intervention can prevent many fires from getting out of control.
We do not propose to change the way that the experts fight forest fires. Fires are put out by brave and experienced fire fighters in the air and on the ground. The value we can add is an integrated system which will dramatically shorten the time to engage the fire and make that engagement more effective and safer for the fire fighters themselves.
SMART is effective in a world where scenarios are constantly changing. By creating a multi-user network within a common operating ecosystem we can tap into the power of the collective, also known as the “hive mind”, whereby the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. SMART integrates the power of technology, enabling every member of the team to access all information in real-time.
The SMART User Interface is designed to be easy to use by non-technical and non-English speaking operators without losing any of its many powerful functions. All menu buttons and pull down status information can be changed to any required language. The ability of users to use SMART in their own language will support interoperability and remove the language barrier when teams from different countries are brought in to support a local fire situation.
Each SMART user broadcasts their location and status and receives information on the fire spread and the location and status of other personnel and assets. SMART has been tested with over 2000 users updating their information in near real time.
SMART is a real-time, software application that operates in a peer-to-peer, rather than server-client, environment. It integrates and fuses data from multiple sources and analyses the data for relevance and timeliness.
There are four versions of SMART:
- SMART Net – Designed for use by commanders and regional headquarters
- SMART Ground – Designed to operate on small rugged tablet computers for use by team leaders and vehicle mounted operators
- SMART Air – Designed for use in aircraft engaged in fire fighting
- SMART Track – Designed for use on phones to transmit the location and status of the operator
2. Present Information
All data in SMART are treated as unique objects. These data sources can be integrated at the field commander´s level into a single display, making readily available information from all deployed assets real-time.
1. Collect Data
Data can be entered manually or automatically from all data sources such as Vehicle Tracking Systems, Live Stream from UAVs or Fire Spread Prediction software.
3. Share Data
The Field Commander can pass his plan of action and digital briefing to all the team leaders. He can also transmit all the data back to a central command centre and receive feedback via a low bandwidth data link.
4. Generate Knowledge
An integrated SMART system gives users at all levels enhanced situational awareness. Information is shared between all fire fighters, all ground assets and all airborne assets. As experienced by the military, better information enables commanders to make informed decisions and personnel on the ground to fight the fires more effectively and in greater safety.
Safety of Fire Fighters
SMART Ground is designed for use by team leaders and mounted in vehicles in a MESH radio environment. SMART Tracker works on rugged phones carried by every fire fighter to periodically transmit their location and status. These phones access a cellular network if available and automatically change to a satellite network if cellular is unavailable. If a person or vehicle enters a dangerous area designated in SMART Net, the commander is automatically warned and can take immediate action to remove them from danger.
Night Vision Capabilities
Studies show that retardant is most effective in slowing forest fire growth in cool conditions, including night-time. Night operations, using Night Vision Goggles requires specialist training to train pilots and crew members as a crew to operate safely and effectively. The Intaero night training program is a unique, three-phase package click for more info.
Bespoke Systems Integration
Intelligence from imagery, including information on the fire spread derived from IR video from aircraft and UAVs can be integrated with intelligence from human and other sources such as national databases. Data can be updated (with appropriate safeguards) at every level from central command to local operator, to ensure all information being distributed and displayed is timely and relevant.
Each UAV and aircraft reports its position real-time using SMART Air. Videos and images can be streamed from an IR camera mounted in the aircraft or UAV directly to the situation commander. Each georeferenced, IR image can be input into SMART Net where it is analysed to extract information on the fire line and individual fire outbreaks. This near real time information is then input into SMART where it can be distributed as data to be displayed and inform every team leader and individual fire fighter.
All users can share the status of assets real-time. For example, an operator contracted to supply airborne fire-fighting assets can update the status of the assets on a routine basis, thereby enabling the fire manager to see what aircraft he has available and the time it would take to get them on site. From the operators perspective, it enables them to see the situation unfolding and prepare their assets for a rapid response.